The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer (passivation) stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation. The boiling point of a liquid varies according to the applied pressure; the normal boiling point is the temperature at which the vapour pressure is equal to the standard sea-level atmospheric pressure (760 mm [29.92 inches] of mercury). Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 which means there are 17 protons and 17 electrons in the atomic structure. It is the heaviest element that can be formed by neutron bombardment of lighter elements, and hence the last element that can be prepared in macroscopic quantities. Pure radium is silvery-white alkaline earth metal. Sodium is an alkali metal, being in group 1 of the periodic table, because it has a single electron in its outer shell that it readily donates, creating a positively charged atom—the Na+ cation. The chemical symbol for Americium is Am. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium. Tin is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there are 50 protons and 50 electrons in the atomic structure. These condensers use tubes that are usually made of stainless steel, copper alloys, or titanium depending on several selection criteria (such as thermal conductivity or corrosion resistance). Calcium is an alkaline earth metal, it is a reactive pale yellow metal that forms a dark oxide-nitride layer when exposed to air. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. Atomic Mass: 195.078 amu. It doesn't even react with oxygen in air so it doesn'trust or tarnish. Elemental rubidium is highly reactive, with properties similar to those of other alkali metals, including rapid oxidation in air. Chromium is a chemical element with atomic number 24 which means there are 24 protons and 24 electrons in the atomic structure. Neon is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air. Thallium is a chemical element with atomic number 81 which means there are 81 protons and 81 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Cadmium is Cd. Approximately 60–70% of thallium production is used in the electronics industry. Zirconium is widely used as a cladding for nuclear reactor fuels. Fermium is a member of the actinide series. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. Titanium condenser tubes are usually the best technical choice, however titanium is very expensive material. Francium is an alkali metal, that has one valence electron. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. Yttrium is a chemical element with atomic number 39 which means there are 39 protons and 39 electrons in the atomic structure. Platinum: 3825 °C: Zinc: 907 °C: Gallium: 2204 °C: Plutonium: 3230 °C: Zirconium: 4409 °C: Germanium: 2820 °C: Polonium: 962 °C: Gold: 2856 °C: Potassium: 759 °C Terbium is a chemical element with atomic number 65 which means there are 65 protons and 65 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. The chemical symbol for Bismuth is Bi. At the boiling point the two phases of a substance, liquid and vapor, have identical free energies and therefore are equally likely to exist. The temperature at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given pressure is also known as the saturation temperature and at this conditions a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together. Chemically, indium is similar to gallium and thallium. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, nobelium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. In the periodic table, potassium is one of the alkali metals. Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Barium is the fifth element in group 2 and is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal. The chemical symbol for Oxygen is O. Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure. The bulk properties of astatine are not known with any certainty. Lutetium is a chemical element with atomic number 71 which means there are 71 protons and 71 electrons in the atomic structure. Its extreme rarity in the Earth’s crust, comparable to that of platinum. It rarely occurs in its elemental state or as pure ore compounds in the Earth’s crust. Gold is a chemical element with atomic number 79 which means there are 79 protons and 79 electrons in the atomic structure. It is the eponym of the lanthanide series, a group of 15 similar elements between lanthanum and lutetium in the periodic table, of which lanthanum is the first and the prototype. The chemical symbol for Thorium is Th. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Oxygen is a colourless, odourless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air. The chemical symbol for Einsteinium is Es. Atomic Number: 78. Discoverer: Corson, Dale R. and Mackenzie, K. R. The actinide or actinoid series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium. It is the fifth most abundant element in Earth’s crust and the third most abundant metal, after iron and aluminium. Physical properties of Platinum include melting point, boiling point, mechanical strength Thulium is the thirteenth and third-last element in the lanthanide series. Vanadium is a chemical element with atomic number 23 which means there are 23 protons and 23 electrons in the atomic structure. Nitric acid (H NO 3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.. Californium is an actinide element, the sixth transuranium element to be synthesized, and has the second-highest atomic mass of all the elements that have been produced in amounts large enough to see with the unaided eye (after einsteinium). The chemical symbol for Mendelevium is Md. Naturally occurring potassium is composed of three isotopes, of which 40K is radioactive. Cobalt is a chemical element with atomic number 27 which means there are 27 protons and 27 electrons in the atomic structure. Melting point is the temperature at which a substance changes from solid to liquid state. Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Several metals are quite common for use in resistance elements and the purity of the metal affects its characteristics. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. Number of Neutrons: 117. Lutetium is the last element in the lanthanide series, and it is traditionally counted among the rare earths. The chemical symbol for Thulium is Tm. The chemical symbol for Terbium is Tb. al. A glass tube, A, similar to the Victor Meyer vapor density tube, 16 inches long and with a two-inch bulb, was provided with an asbestos jacket and hood, B, B. In nuclear industry, especially natural and artificial samarium 149 has an important impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. The chemical symbol for Silver is Ag. Tellurium is chemically related to selenium and sulfur. In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. The melting point of a substance depends on pressure and is usually specified at standard pressure. Classification: Transition Metal. Discoverer: McMillan, Edwin M. and Abelson, Philip H. Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edward M. McMillan, Arthur C. Wohl, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Leon O. Morgan, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Kenneth Street, Jr., Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Glenn T. Seaborg, Torbørn Sikkeland, John R. Walton, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, Robert M. Latimer, Copyright 2020 Periodic Table | All Rights Reserved |. Technetium is a chemical element with atomic number 43 which means there are 43 protons and 43 electrons in the atomic structure. Lawrencium is the final member of the actinide series. Erbium is a silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements. The Cookies Statement is part of our Privacy Policy. The chemical symbol for Iron is Fe. Krypton is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. The temperature at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given pressure is called the saturation temperature or boiling point. Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form or unmixed with other lanthanides, and it is usually refined for general use. Sodium is a chemical element with atomic number 11 which means there are 11 protons and 11 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Ruthenium is Ru. Nitrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 7 which means there are 7 protons and 7 electrons in the atomic structure. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Xenon is Xe. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth’s crust; it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and the most abundant metal in the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. The commercial use of beryllium requires the use of appropriate dust control equipment and industrial controls at all times because of the toxicity of inhaled beryllium-containing dusts that can cause a chronic life-threatening allergic disease in some people called berylliosis. Cerium is a soft, ductile and silvery-white metal that tarnishes when exposed to air, and it is soft enough to be cut with a knife. Tellurium is a brittle, mildly toxic, rare, silver-white metalloid. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal. The chemical symbol for Barium is Ba. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable element and concludes three major decay chains of heavier elements. What is the volume of a 10.0 g sample of themetal? It is highly resistant to chemical attack. Boiling point of Platinum is 3827°C. The chemical symbol for Vanadium is V. Vanadium is a hard, silvery grey, ductile, and malleable transition metal. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. The chemical symbol for Copper is Cu. 113Cd has specific absorption cross-section. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Osmium is a hard, brittle, bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys, mostly in platinum ores. Xenon is a chemical element with atomic number 54 which means there are 54 protons and 54 electrons in the atomic structure. Dysprosium is used for its high thermal neutron absorption cross-section in making control rods in nuclear reactors, for its high magnetic susceptibility in data storage applications. When exposed to red heat, the metal slowly changes in air to the sesquioxide. 1092 K 71 Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons and 20 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical properties of this silvery gray, crystalline transition metal are intermediate between rhenium and manganese.