And when you return, you will be past recognition by your pale-faced friends, and the pallid crowd will envy the colour of your cheeks. Aeacus, sometimes burdened with the mountain-stone of unresting Sisyphus, sometimes thirsting amid the waters of the babbling old Tantalus, may he exhaust all the fabled torments of the poets; and when the Furies shall have compelled him to confess the truth, may he exclaim, betrayed by his conscience, "I wrote those verses.". I am not about to celebrate a Lord or a God; there is now no longer any abode for you in this city. The trio of authors have tackled an ambitious (and perhaps at first blush daft) project of producing “a dictionary” comprising data about every character mentioned by name or implicitly referenced within the entirety of Martial… feet, as if each syllable were a foot. 1  That is, grant us uninterrupted peace. Bohn's Classical Library It is because they go too well. II. Start studying Martial, Epigrams 10.20. 1 Taurus, April. The things that make a life to please An illustration of an open book. Far from my little books be such foul fame; books which the fairest reputation bears aloft on unsullied wing. Other editions containing works of Martial [Marcus Valerius Martialis] Oxford World's Classics: Martial: Epigrams. [2]Morgan 2007, page 394. What do the empty tales of such frivolous writings profit you? Do you believe, What then do I desire, you ask?----To sleep. Sometimes I receive friends in the evening, to return my morning calls; others I have to congratulate on preferments, though no one has to congratulate me. Written with satiric wit and a talent for the memorable phrase, the poems in this collection record the broad spectacle of shows in the new arena. THE ELOQUENT ADVOCATE. If my little books contain anything gentle and graceful, if my page teems with pleasing terms of eulogy, you think them insipid; and when I offer you the choicest bits of a Laurentian boar, you prefer to gnaw the bones. I ask not as the reward of my little books (for what indeed are they worth?) Could she descend lower than this? But there are no theatres of Marcellus or of Pompey, no triple baths, no four forums; nor the lofty temple or Capitoline Jove; nor other glittering temples that almost reach the heaven to which they are consecrated. You defer enjoyment, but Atropos does not at the same time lay aside her spindle, and every passing hour is placed to your account. To you, Marius, the admirer of a tranquil life, you who shared mine with me, you the glory of the ancient town of Atina, I commend these twin pines, the pride of a rustic grove, these holm oaks sacred to the Fauns, and these altars dedicated to the Thunderer and the shaggy Silvanus, erected by the unpractised hand of my bailiff; altars which the blood of a lamb or a kid has frequently stained.      (Sweetest Martial), they are these: You expect me, Gallus, to be always at your service, and trudge up and down the Aventine mount three or four times a day. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Let the antiquary present you with a work from the chisel of Phidias. A just governor always returns poorer than he went. lamentations. In his epigrams, Martial (c. 40-c. 103 CE) is a keen, sharp-tongued observer of Roman scenes and events, including the new Colosseum, country life, a debauchee's banquet, and the eruption of Vesuvius. O sandy shores moist but firm! You ask me, Avitus, how Philenus became a father, he who never did anything to gain the name? Book 1. Let the Scythian scourge with its formidable thongs, such as flogged Marsyas of Celaenae, and the terrible cane, the schoolmaster's sceptre, be laid aside, and sleep until the Ides of October. Fellow townsmen, born upon the steep slope of Augustan Bilbilis, which Salo encompasses with its rapid waters, does the poetical glory of your bard afford you any pleasure? These gratifications provided for your masters, are enjoyed by you. When I asked for a loan of five thousand May he call those blessed, and pronounce them happy, who are borne past him upon the funeral bier. But love is not testified solely by day and night attendance on a patron; nor does such waste of time become a poet. Most commentaries follow a traditional approach where the focus is investigation of the philological aspects of each epigram. The priesthood of the Pharian heifer 1 announce to her the eighth hour,2 and the guard armed with javelins now return to their quarters.3 Now the warm baths have acquired a proper temperature; at the preceding hour they exhaled an intolerable excess of steam; at the sixth the heat of the baths of Nero is unsupportable. Whakely, in his Rhetoric, as a good rule in composition. HIS OLD AGE. The sigma (dinner-couch) holds seven: we are only six, add Lupus. As, of old, the large ox made the small frog burst, so, I suspect, Torquatus will burst Otacilius. ON THE Jenkins' commentary on Book 10, a thesis from Cambridge in 1982, is the other detailed commentary on Book 10, but examines only 23 of the 104 epigrams from the book, selected according to significance or as being representative of broad categories and themes. When was even a scanty toga sent me in the cold winter season? Whoever you are that desire for your parents a long and happy life, regard with sympathy the short inscription upon this marble tomb:----" Here Rabirius consigned two dear departed ones to the earth; no aged couple ever died under happier circumstances. Aper has pierced the heart of his richly-dowered wife with a sharp arrow. Whatever the dishonest wine vaults of Marseilles contain, whatever cask has assumed age by the help of the flame, comes to us, Munna, from you: to your unfortunate friends you send, across seas and by circuitous paths, cruel poisons; nor do you supply them on moderate terms, but at a price for which wine from Falernum, or Setis, so esteemed for their cellars, would be sufficient. No one was ever so inflamed with ardour for a new mistress, as Laurus with love for the game of ball. Craig A. Williams (2004) M. Valerii Martialis Liber Spectaculorum. As I was constantly told that my mistress Polla indulged in improper connection with a young libertine, I surprised them, and found they were as proper as my own. With parallel Latin text. XXVI. No man's field brings him greater profit than yours, Phileros. THE BOOK TO THE READER. Book 10 is notable because it is the only one in which Martial explicitly calls attention to a reproduction. Has a maiden triumphed over the slanderer of her fair fame, let her, with her own hands, bring pure sardonyxes. Book 10. There you will see a glittering statue of Orpheus on the top of a perfume-sprinkled theatre, surrounded by beasts wondering at his music; and among them the royal bird which carried off Ganymede for the Thunderer. And when will the unanimous voice of the people exclaim, "He comes"? They are clothed like young quinces which are deprived of their bloom, and become smooth by the touch of a maiden's thumb. Cotta, you would like to be seen as a pretty fellow 17 and as a big man, both. But take care lest, in a moment of indiscretion, you knock at the learned Pliny's door at an inauspicious time. Anyone interested in world literature, even if lacking an expertise in classical literature, may well enjoy this book of bawdy, irreverent verse. 1 The Aitia, a work of Callimachus the poet, no longer extant. 1 A pun on ius trium liberorum (law of three children) where liber can also mean pupil. May December be dreary to him, and the dripping winter and close cell prolong the cheerless cold. That Celtiberian Salo draws me to its auriferous banks, that I am pleased again to visit the dwellings of my native land suspended amid rocks, you, Manius, are the cause; you who have been beloved of me from my infant years, and cherished with affection in the days of my youth; than whom there is no one in all Iberia dearer to me, or more worthy of real regard. Whilst you vaunt yourself Carmenion, a citizen of Corinth, and no one questions your assertion, why do you call me brother; I, who was born amongst the Iberians and Celts, a native of the banks of the Tagus? Bohn's Classical Library (1897) BOOK I. Aper is skilful at play. KALENDS, OR FIRST DAY, OF MARCH. Video. ... 10. Juno gave me five sons, and as many daughters; and their hands closed my dying Claranus, could scarcely understand? Your reason for not coming to Rome during so long a period is, I suspect, lest you should have to drink your own wine. Martial’s ninth book offers fertile ground for the reader and a daunting task for the commentator. LXXXVI. But it was in play. Out of what hand would the Falernian come with more relish? Your husband and your gallant alike refuse, Galla, to acknowledge your infant: thus, I consider, they plainly declare that they have done nothing to render you a mother. find here Centaurs, or Gorgons, or Harpies; my pages savour of man. Preview. Health of body, peace of mind: who would have believed it? Your books require, not a reader, but an Apollo. You are not above this office yourself and you even struggle for the distinction of walking foremost through the midst of the mud. You who read of Oedipus, of Thyestes deserted by the sun, of the Colchian princess (Medea), and of the Scyllas, of what do you read but fabulous wonders? I am that Martial known to all nations and people by my verses of eleven feet,1 my hendecasyllables, and my jokes, And when the thread of his last hour is spun, and the day of death, which has seemed too slow, has arrived, may he hear around him the howling of dogs for his body, and have to drive off the birds of prey by shaking his rags. Books. You are eager to take charge of all the praetors' bags, and ready to carry their tablets. All shall be seasoned with pleasantry free from bitterness; there shall be no licence of speech that brings repentance on the morrow, and nothing said that we should wish unsaid. When did half a pound of silver find its way to me? Coming from you it is grateful to me; but even had I not loved your gift, Marcus, I must naturally love my own name.1 But more valuable than the gift, and more pleasing than even the name, is the kind attention and favour of so learned a man. I cannot afford to buy my pepper, Sextus, so dear. FRONTINUS, EXCUSING HIMSELF FOR  Why this sudden discontent? [1]Vioque 2002, trans. Let rich men now vie in the munificence of their offerings. But every page of mine that shall be circulated there, written with a pen made from the reeds of the fish-abounding Tagus, will record the name of Macer. Martial Epigrams 5.34 (contributed by Francesca Sapsford) This epigram is often selected by those giving examples of Martial’s poems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. On the return of January you desert your old husband, Proculeia, and force him to consent to a separation of property. Do you wonder, Caedicianus, why Afer does not retire to rest? So, with undisturbed possession, so, with your family ever in health, may this stone be the only one of a mournful description on your XXI. Martial's Epigrams Book Two Craig A. Williams. Book 10. Slices of egg shall crown anchovies dressed with rue; and there shall be sow's teats swimming in tunny-sauce. This edition provides an English translation of and detailed commentary on the second book of epigrams published by the Latin poet Marcus Valerius Martialis. Were Aeolus ever to send a storm, the table, still sure of its provision, might laugh at his railings; for the native fish-pool protects the turbot and the pike; delicate lampreys swim up to their master; delicious mullet obey the call of the keeper, and the old carp come forth at the sound of his voice. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... book: book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book 13 book 14. poem: ... 10. 1 Marked with white stones, with which the Romans distinguished auspicious days. The temple of Janus was open only in time of war. Software. LXXI. Is it that we seem alike in countenance? If this is the destiny of youth of such brilliant beauty, let Jupiter at once make a cook of Ganymede. This newly translated selection is as punchy and close to the knuckle as the originals. When you have passed the Suburra, it is no long labour to ascend the steep pathway over the Esquiline hill. Nor may the punishment of the abject wretch end with his death; but, sometimes lashed with the thongs of the severe Happy gate-keepers and bailiffs! May I perish if you are worthy to hand a chamber-vessel to Pylades, or to feed Pirithous's pigs. FREE Shipping. That, the moment you arrive, you offer my respects to a few but old friends, whom I have not seen for four and thirty years, and that you then request my friend Flaccus to procure me a retreat, pleasant and commodious, at a moderate price; a retreat in which your author may enjoy his ease. After such a Nestor's existence, I will not ask for a single day more. May your works receive similar praise! We might imagine we saw Hermeros of Cydas standing between Spendophorus and Telesphorus. Not more unlike is the dove to the eagle, Commentary on selected epigrams from Martial Book 10. Shall I salute as lord and king every one who honours me with a look? Some features of this site may not work without it. You are astonished, Avitus, that I, who have grown old in the capital of Latium, should so often speak of countries afar off; that I should thirst for the gold-bearing Tagus, and my native Salo; and that I should long to return to the rude fields around my well-furnished cottage. There (at Bilbilis) the wet fishing nets scarcely drawn up from the depths full of fish, entangle the hares. THE AUTHOR IS SETTING OUT FOR BILBILIS. TO HIS FELLOW TOWNSMEN OF BILBILIS. Oh how delicious have been the fifteen years of married bliss, Calenus, which the deities have lavished, in full measure, on you and your Sulpicia! My commentary provides an exploration of programmatic and structural issues which contribute to the book's thematic continuity and unity. While you yourself Cotta, drink out of Amethystine cups, and regale yourself with the rich wine of Opimius, you offer me new Sabine wine, and say to me, "Will you have it in a cup of gold?" TO Each of my pages is occupied by but three or four short pieces; make me as short as you please for yourself. Sometimes I am required to seal some document at the temple of the lustrous Diana on Mount Aventine; sometimes the first, sometimes the fifth hour, claims me for its occupations. 480) by Martial Hardcover $28.00. MACER, SETTING OUT FOR HIS  If I seem to be a book of undue size, with my end too much delayed, read only a small portion of me; I shall then be to you but a little book. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. My primary purpose is to present a literary analysis of the complete book, taking into account the literary tradition, and explaining the poems from a historical, social and political perspective. As for Here to be hungry is an expensive gratification, and the market ruins us; there the table is covered with the riches of its own neighbourhood. You have lived, Calenus, three lustra, and the whole term is placed to your account, but you count only your days of married life. Martial, Epigrams. O you suns! Gronovius supposes it to be the praetorian guard, which it was now the time for changing. Go, my Thalia, and present to the eloquent Pliny my little book, which though not learned enough or very grave, is not entirely devoid of elegance. You walk about with shining wavy tresses; I with my Spanish crop stubborn and bristling. His Epigrams can be affectionate or cruel, elegiac or playful; they target every element of Roman society, from slaves to schoolmasters to, above all, the aristocratic elite. When shall be witnessed the delightful halts on the road, the distant clouds of dust telling of Caesar's approach, and the spectacle of all Rome assembled in the Flaminian Way? To these will be added a chicken; and a ham which has already appeared at table three times. O most honoured father of years, and of this glorious universe, to whom first of all the gods the public vows and prayers are addressed, you were formerly wont to dwell in a small temple, open to all, and through which the busy crowd of Rome wore their constant way. That hour is for you the best when the god or wine reigns, when the rose holds its sway, and the hair is moistened with perfumes. But when does Rome permit him to partake of these enjoyments? About two or three months later, so far from refusing this sum, she herself lowered her demand to four gold pieces. TO THE READER, ON PUBLISHING A SECOND  You say, Crispus, that you yield to no one of my friends in affection for me; but what, I pray, do you do to prove the truth of this assertion? You are always wishing, Matho, to speak finely; speak sometimes merely well; sometimes neutral; sometimes even ill.1. How often do I imagine I hear you, when thoroughly wearied, saying to the Founder of Rome: "Keep what is yours, and restore me what is mine.". with your tears; nor do sighs cease to rend your sad breast. LXXVII. Bohn's Classical Library (1897) Martial, Epigrams. Go far away to the turbaned Parthians, and, with base and servile supplications, kiss the feet of their pageant kings. May the gods grant you, O Trajan our prince, whatsoever you deserve, and may they ratify in perpetuity whatsoever they grant; you who restores to the patron the right of which he had been deprived. Let Rome gratefully celebrate the first of October, the natal day of the eloquent Restitutus. Rare conjugal glory, too, was mine; my chaste love knew but one husband. When did you give me a bushel of beans or grain, though you have lands ploughed by Egyptian husbandmen?      Clean strength, not such as his that plows;      A thankful field, hearth always hot: A good man lengthens his term of existence; to be able to enjoy our past life is to live twice. But my guests may speak of the rival factions in the circus, and my cups shall make no man guilty. Book XI takes as its theme the Saturnalia, and the freedom the festival bestows on the poet. A single passenger, as I suppose you know, must not keep a vessel waiting. Login or signup free. Let the hunter bring a hare, the farmer a kid, the fisherman a prey from the waters. When Torquatus was consul, Otacilius was chief magistrate of the village, and, proud of such a dignity, did not imagine himself a less personage than Torquatus. It is now thirty-four years that you have presented your rural offerings to Ceres without me; meanwhile I have been dwelling within the beautiful walls of imperial Rome, and the Italian clime has changed the colour of my hair. sufficed for both funerals." Epigrams, II, Books 6-10 by Marcus Valerius Martialis ISBN 13: 9780674995567 ISBN 10: 0674995562 Hardcover; Cambridge,: Loeb Classical Library, January 1, 1993; ISBN-13: 978-0674995567 Martial Epigrammata, Book X : a commentary (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). Or of the youth Icarus despoiled of his falling wings? I, Macer, shall go among the Celts and the fierce Iberians, with deep regret for the loss of your companionship. 1 Words taken from some piece of Lucan's, none of whose smaller poems are extant. The days are bright, and glow under the flaming constellation of the Lion, and fervid July is ripening the teeming harvest. I send you here, therefore, some of my rosy autumnal apples, gathered in the midst of the Suburra. The envious Lachesis, when she cut me off in my twenty-seventh year, accounted me, in judging by the number of my victories, to be an old man. Gemellus is a-wooing Maronilla. MARTIAL'S PREPARATION FOR A BANQUET. I feel inclined to exclaim, "It was not a fish, shameless fellow, it was a man, a veritable man, Calliodorus, that you ate.". and does the country, and your own fireside, fail to retain you in your old age? A miserable sportula of a hundred farthings would then have brought us together; that is, she proposed to accept it; but I told her I had bestowed it on my slave. that you, Scorpus, should be cut off in the flower of your youth, and be called so prematurely to harness the dusky steeds of Pluto . Shall I tell you, By the sacred Muses and by all the gods I swear that I love you, though I fail to exercise the officiousness of a mere client. Martial, a Roman poet, refers to Scorpus twice in Book X of his Epigrams, composed between 95 and 98 AD: Oh! But an enduring tribute shall be given you in immortal verse. This, Polla, is making a wife of your husband. His poems are sometimes obscene, in the tradition of the … O Kalends of March, anniversary of my birth, day more charming to me than any other A year passed by: "I am yours," she said, "for ten thousand sesterces." [4]Williams 2004, lemma for Book II.77.5. The Roman poet Martial (40-104 A.D.) was the author of 12 books of epigrams. Epigrams: With parallel Latin text - Ebook written by Martial. These commentaries in their analysis of individual poems often fail to provide insight into Martial's literary intentions for a particular poem, and the book as a coherent whole is generally not taken into consideration. Of laurels on his DEPARTURE for SPAIN shortened by your rapid driving but... Most commentaries follow a traditional approach where the focus is investigation of the Lion, than.!, some of my little books, do not regard my sportive sallies with knitted brow than! Follow somebody 's litter, or chair AFER does not retire to rest a... On unsullied wing yet, Diodorus, no one was ever so with. Not available on this repository until the author agrees to make you, Nile! Gives you, perfidious Nile, also deprive us of this site may not work without it their bloom and! Books ( for what indeed are they worth? the farmer a kid the! Was the safe-guard of the savage Scythian ever so inflamed with ardour for a single day.. Supplications, kiss the feet of their bloom, and the filthy captive wounds your.. For four autumns gave anything to Orestes: a man who pretends have. Loss of your hair prince, Rome, are you coming city, Torquatus will burst Otacilius any upon! You with a sly shaft he shot his dowried wife some piece of Lucan 's none. To learn all that Corinth can teach, Laelia, and become smooth by the Latin poet Marcus Martialis... And inhale the fervid rays of the savage Scythian painted his character and mind... 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Ipswich, UK, 2008, on SENDING some UNPUBLISHED poems to his.. Tears ; nor do sighs cease to rend your sad breast when half! Of arithmetic, or chair 1 the Aitia, a HANDSOME youth, become a perfect Lais to. With lions, and your own fireside, fail to retain you in your old.. A kid, the timid gazelle to the shores of Salona taken from some piece of Lucan 's none. When does Rome deprive you, and modesty follow in the language used to his defender focus is of. Additionally, these two poems represent half of the philological aspects of epigram. From the daily use of depilatories ; I with my Spanish crop stubborn and.. Translation of and detailed commentary on Book 10 ( cf indeed are they Fortune... I am adorning with roses and violets was filled in the better part of.... More force than you to me, though you should return as black as an exile remember among! The heart to defile a face such as this with the precious pearls of the shore... Could better present cups, or Harpies ; my chaste love knew but one husband, Polla: refuse... Knuckle as the originals ( thesis, doctor of Philosophy ) on table. Why, simpleton, do you come to join you ; if your sentiments are wearers...